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One Person Company

One Person Company

The concept of One Person Company has been introduced through Companies Act, 2013. It is new form of business and has been introduced enabling Entrepreneurs carrying business in sole proprietorship to enter in to corporate world and representing themselves as corporate identity.  One of the greatest advantages offered to OPC is that it can be formed only with one member while in private limited or limited liability partnership at least requires two members, other things are common to the Private limited like it also possess separate legal identity from its members,  can have limited liability perpetual succession. It has some of the limitations also e.g. OPC can be formed by the person who is indian citizen and resident in india, it should appoint a nominee director who will be owner in case promoter becomes disabled and also it can operate as OPC just up to 2 Cr. of Turnover or Paid Up Capital 50 Lakhs after that it will be needed conversion into private limited.  An OPC cannot be converted in to Pvt. Ltd or and other form before expiry of two years or before unless reaches minimum thresh hold. Also it has heavy tax burden as 30% in comparison to sole proprietorship.


Less compliance burden in comparison to Private Limited

Corporate Identity

Separate legal Identity

Easy to Manage, No requirement to hold Annual General Meeting

Perpetual Succession

Able to raise significant Capital

No one from outside India can incorporate OPC

It can be easily incorporated without many formalities and with just One Person.

Organized sector of Sole Proprietorship Company

Adequate Safeguards

Complete control of Company in single hands

Limited liability for shareholders

Well understood and accepted structure

It has only one person as a member who will act in the capacity of a director as well as a Shareholder

It is classified as a Private Company

Steps to Incorporate One Person Company (OPC)

Documents Required

Apply for the Digital Signature for the Directors which is require for OPC registration.

Apply for the DIN (Director Identification Number)

Check for Name Availability

Apply for the Name approval on the MCA Portal according to MCA Guidelines.

Issuance of Name Approval Letter from ROC

Draft Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association (MOA & AOA) in Approved name

Sign and file various documents including MOA & AOA with the Registrar of Companies electronically.

Issued Certification of Incorporation

Apply for the PAN Number and open a current bank account

Apply for other Licenses as required

Name of the Company- Provide at least three Names

Detailed Description about objective of Company

ID Proof of Director & Nominee Director (Election Voter ID, PAN Card, Aadhar Card & Passport)

Address Proof of Director & Nominee Director (BANK Statement, Telephone Bill, Electricity Bill etc.)

Latest Two Passport size Photos of Director & Nominee

Rent Agreement/ Sale Deed

Business Place ownership proof as latest utility bill (electricity bill/Telephone bill)

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